Fledgling gardeners grow pepper plants out of passion and to get benefit while harvesting.
However, it is important that you provide essential elements for this vegetable plant.
Water, obviously is an essential element that help the plant in food production process.
Though, it is essential, excess watering can result in root rot. Likewise, pepper plant has a problem with underwatering.
So, it is very important to know how often you should water your pepper plant.
Container size, temperature in your region and growing soil are to be considered while watering pepper plants.
Follow this simple rule:
Water pepper plants when the top few inches of the soil is dry. You can check it by inserting your finger in the garden soil. In case the soil is moist, allow it to dry.
In summer, you might have to increase the watering frequency. When the temperature drops, reduce the watering cycle.
To successfully grow this vegetable plant at home, you should spend some time to understand the growing conditions of pepper plant.
Soil type, container size, sunlight, watering needs, fertilizing and location of this plant are to be considered while growing pepper plants. Before knowing them in detail, let me answer another simple question.
How Much Water Does a Pepper Plant Need Per Day?
Again you must consider the climatic conditions in your region.
In summer, you might have to water pepper plants every-day.
Plants under go dormant stage in cold seasons, you can reduce watering to once in a week.
In other words, you must water 1-2 inches of water per week.
1 inch of watering will be able moist top 6-8 inches of the garden soil.
Now, what is 1 inch of watering per week?
Considering the space of soil you wish to water is 1 square foot, then to water your plant 1 inch per week you need 2.36 liters of distilled water.
Water your pepper plant generously till you see the excess water is drained out of the hole. Allow the growing soil to dry between watering cycles.
Also Read: Best Soil for Chilli Plants
Soil, Sunlight and Water – Growing Conditions of Pepper Plant
It starts with seed germination.
Start growing seedlings indoors, as the seeds needs warm environment to germinate.
When the seedlings reach 8 inches, they are ready to be transplanted in the garden.
It is easy to grow pepper plants; only thing to care is about the temperature. This plant can’t survive when the temperature drops below 50F.
- Soil should be well-drained, fertile and able to retain the moisture. Soil pH range between 5.5 to 7.0 is preferred.
- Sunlight: It needs 6 hours of direct sunlight to thrive.
- Watering: One inch of watering per week will be enough to keep the growing soil moist. When the days get hotter, increase the watering frequency to 2 inches per week.
How Often Should I Water My Pepper Plants?
Watering pepper plants seems to be a big deal, so here we raise answers to this question.
The frequency and intensity of watering pepper plants depends a lot on the kind of growing practice you follow while yielding pepper plants.
Generally, most people follow the rule of watering pepper plants once a week, up-to 1 inch deep. As easy it sounds, one should customize their watering schedule according to the method they use to grow pepper plants.
- As is understood, sunny days call for more water, and so do days with random heat waves. However, pepper plants do not like being underwatered or overwatered.
- So, it is always suggested to wait between watering days and let the plants dry in their own time before giving them a shower again.
- Nevertheless, if you are having a shortage of water or find it difficult to keep track of your watering schedule, mulching seems to be just the right option for you.
Also Read: Holes In Pepper Plant Leaves
Signs of Overwatering Pepper Plants
Yellow leaves, stunted growth, root rot and wilting are signs of overwatered pepper plant.
Water helps to uproot nutrients from the soil to plant through roots. Needless to say without sufficient water you can’t think of growing successful vegetable plant.
Note: To avoid overwatering pepper plant, check the soil for moisture. If it is moist, then don’t water at that time. When the soil is dry, you can water the plant.
To revive overwatered pepper plant, stop watering the plant and allow the soil to dry. If needed transplant the plant to a bigger pot and add mulch.
When you see the soil is completely dry, set a watering frequency depending on climatic conditions in your region.
Check this: Why cauliflower leaves are turning yellow?
Signs of Underwatered Pepper Plant
Cause of underwatering plants can be due to wrong growing soil that fails to retain moisture or you’re on an unplanned vacation.
Drooping leaves, yellow foliage, stunted growth and dry soil are symptoms of underwatered pepper plant.
To revive, water the plant thoroughly till at least 6 inches of top soil is completely moist.
Add gardening soil to the pot if your potting soil can’t retain moisture.
Underwatering or overwatering can be the reason behind why your chilli plant is flowering but not producing fruit. So, water your pepper plant consistently to avoid such issues.
Best Time of Day to Water Pepper Plants
Best time to moisturize your vegetable plants including pepper is early morning.
So, the plant will have enough time to dry moisture on the leaves and it can easily carry out the photosynthesis process using the bright morning sunlight.
Watering in evening after sunset may attract fungal and bacterial infestation.
Do Pepper Plants Need a Lot of Water?
When compared to houseplants, pepper plants do need water but that doesn’t mean to overwater them.
As mentioned above, allow the plant soil to dry between watering.
- 2 inches of water per week in summer.
- 1 inch of water per week in other seasons.
Also Read: Can you increase tomato fruit size?
Mulching – this will help soil to retain moisture in summer
Mulch can be understood as an organic matter that enhances the ability of the soil to retain moisture, improving its ability to drain out excess water, and keeping them moist for longer time periods.
Spreading mulch around the base of your plant helps it keep cooler and moist for long. Thus, you can forget about your watering schedule and would still be able to keep your plants in good health.
Mulching is good for both in-ground and potted plants. They deliver similar benefits in both cases. Another advantage of mulching is that they are effective in keeping weeds away by suppressing them, thus saving you loads of time.
Also Read: Chilli Flowers Dropping Off
Overwatered Vs Underwatered Pepper Plant
While watering pepper plants once a week is a general rule, you might want to know some signs of pepper plants drying out to help you figure out when they need water.
Some of the signs of dry pepper plants include visible dry patches and arid patterns on the soil, wilted and brown leaves, and dried out leaves, to name a few. Using a moisture meter for accurate measures will also help you do the job.
However, there are not enough categories in the world that can define all the varieties of pepper plants and how to water them. Therefore, we’ve listed the watering requirements of yet another common pepper plant, which is commonly known as jalapeno plant.
Also Read: Will Eggplant Survive the Winter?
How to identify blossom end rot?
This condition leads to the formation of a unique pattern on the leaves, so is easily recognizable. It is usually present as the appearance of sunken black spots at the leaf or plant edges.
Consequently, let us have a look at the best and the most suitable time to water and hydrate your jalapeno pepper plants for getting maximum results.
- Researchers explain that watering them after fertilization bores great results. The bad news is, many people are not aware of the fact.
- Watering plants after you dry fertilize them acts to activate the working of the fertilizer, thereby allowing it to perform its function with maximum potential.
If you feel that despite the amount of water you pour in, it is not being retained by the plant, give mulching a chance. It enables the soil around the jalapeno plants to retain greater moisture content, thus saving us both water and time.
Quick Pepper Plant Care Tips
While watering your plants in the right way is definitely a preliminary to good plant growth, here are some other tips that you can follow to keep your pepper plants happy and healthy forever.
The best time to start growing your peppers is after the soil bed has set in after the spring frost.
In-ground gardens, containers, and raised beds are the preferred and most effective ways of growing pepper plants, as opposed to indoor gardening.
Pepper plants are a big fan of direct and bright sunlight. Therefore, it is advised to plant pepper plants at a spot that receives sunlight at least 6 to 8 hours a day, and promotes a healthy drainage system.
It is always suggested to combine a certain part of organic matter with your potting mixture before making the soil bed, or before planting the pepper plant.
Pepper plants expect you to water them immediately after they have been planted in the soil bed for the first time. Do not keep them waiting for long, or it will damage the leaves.
If you are having trouble in maintaining the temperature of your soil, or want to keep it moist without having the trouble of watering them constantly, try spreading mulch around the base of the plant. It is effective for both these problems.
As soon as you witness the growth of fruits on your pepper plants, support it with stakes (which are usually available with those who grow tomato plants). Staking helps your delicate pepper plant not to fall over and bear the weight of the newly grown fruit.
Also Read: Why Are My Pepper Plant Leaves Wrinkled?
How to know when to stop? Underwatering and overwatering plants are equally disturbing crimes that should be avoided at all costs.
To ensure that enough water has reached your jalapeno plant, you can measure the water level till 6 inches depth under the ground. Anything deeper or too shallow than 6 inches is a problem for jalapeno plants.
To check the moisture level below the ground, you can either insert your finger near the base of the plant, or replace your finger with a pencil and measure the depth accordingly.
To ensure the reliability of your measurements, take the test 3 times and calculate an average. It should be around 6 inches roughly. A moisture meter, if you find it affordable as per your needs, is considered to be the most scientifically tested option for getting measurements of your plant’s water content and composition.
Dry weather, as we mentioned earlier, calls out for a more regular supply of water than humid weather conditions.
- To keep yourself on track, you can begin by establishing a water schedule that allows you to hydrate the plant twice a week.
- Make sure to not stick by this schedule rigidly. You can make changes as and when the temperature runs high or significantly low, which is rarely the case.
However, during monsoon or highly humid weather conditions, it is not suggested to continue with the twice a week watering plan, as it can lead to many problems amongst plant death and root rot.
Instead, you should take precautions to water only when you think is the right time to do so, or when the soil has run arid. Establishing a humidifier or a dehumidifier to compliment your watering needs is also encouraged by botanists.
While going down with a regular watering schedule is not always appreciated, one should not try to go down the confusing lane where the watering patterns are unpredictable. This leads to an uneven water condition in Jalapeno plans, known as blossom end rot.
Blossom end rot is a troubled condition for the plant that leads to permanent rupture of the beautiful flower or fruit. If you witness your plant fruits affected by the condition, it is advised to throw them out without any second opinion, as they can spread the infection to other plants.
You can’t get an exact answer to the question – how often should I water my pepper plants.
Because, as listed there are various things that need to be considered while watering. For instance, in regions with higher temperature watering once per week can leave your plants underwatered.
Similarly, watering everyday in colder regions will leave your plant overwatered.
Both overwatering and underwatering aren’t good for pepper plant growth.
Remember this: Insert your index finger in the soil and check for moisture. If you find sticky soil, don’t water now. When the growing soil is dry, water generously.
When we grow peppers ourselves, a feeling of happiness, confidence and unique strength fills us as we add it to our main meals. We understand how important it is for you to experience this, and that is why we have brought this easy guide to assist you throughout the watering and general care tips of pepper plants.
If followed with maximum precision, the aforementioned tips are sure to bring about a positive change to your pepper and jalapeno plants.
Try them and let us know what worked for you!