Pepper plants are as appealing and beautiful as they can be, and this is one of the many reasons why people prefer growing pepper plants, commonly known as chilli plants, as their houseplants.
However, it is not always as easy as it sounds. Pepper plants present their own fair share of problems to gardeners, which can sometimes be difficult to track and solve. One such problem can be summed up in this question, how often should you water pepper plants.
Watering plants right is considered the most significant step in the journey of plant growth, and rightfully so. Plants require water to carry out their regular activities, and if not followed sincerely, it can cause the plant damage.
The same is true for pepper plants. Watering pepper plants is a tricky process. One can get confused between the duration and intensity of watering pepper plants.
If this problem seems familiar to you, don’t worry. We have got your back! The success of your plant growth lies in watering it right, whether the plant is just a regular bell pepper or a Carolina reaper.
In the following article, we’ll answer the most frequently asked question about watering pepper plants. That is, how much water do pepper plants need? Further we’ll also be discussing some of the do’s and don’ts of watering pepper plants.
Lastly, there will be some quick, but effective, tips on how to maintain the health of your pepper plants in the long run.
So, without any further delay, let us understand the watering requirements of homegrown pepper plants.
Also Read: Best Soil for Chilli Plants
How Often Should I Water My Pepper Plants?
Watering pepper plants seems to be a big deal, so here we raise answers to this question.
The frequency and intensity of watering pepper plants depends a lot on the kind of growing practice you follow while yielding pepper plants.
Generally, most people follow the rule of watering pepper plants once a week, up-to 1 inches deep. As easy it sounds, one should customize their watering schedule according to the method they use to grow pepper plants.
- As is understood, sunny days call for more water, and so do days with random heat waves. However, pepper plants do not like being underwatered or overwatered.
- So, it is always suggested to wait between watering days and let the plants dry in their own time before giving them a shower again.
- Nevertheless, if you are having a shortage of water or find it difficult to keep track of your watering schedule, mulching seems to be just the right option for you.
Also Read: Holes In Pepper Plant Leaves
Mulch can be understood as an organic matter that enhances the ability of the soil to retain moisture, improving its ability to drain out excess water, and keeping them moist for longer time periods.
Spreading mulch around the base of your plant helps it keep cooler and moist for long. Thus, you can forget about your watering schedule and would still be able to keep your plants in good health.
Mulching is good for both in-ground and potted plants. They deliver similar benefits in both cases. Another advantage of mulching is that they are effective in keeping weeds away by suppressing them, thus saving you loads of time.
Also Read: Chilli Flowers Dropping Off
Signs that your pepper plant needs water
While watering pepper plants once a week is a general rule, you might want to know some signs of pepper plants drying out to help you figure out when they need water.
Some of the signs of dry pepper plants include visible dry patches and arid patterns on the soil, wilted and brown leaves, and dried out leaves, to name a few. Using a moisture meter for accurate measures will also help you do the job.
However, there are not enough categories in the world that can define all the varieties of pepper plants and how to water them. Therefore, we’ve listed the watering requirements of yet another common pepper plant, which is commonly known as jalapeno plant.
How Often Should You Water Jalapeno Plants?
Jalapeno plants are labelled as a kind of pepper plant and are often listed in that category. Since we are talking about the water requirements of pepper, leaving out jalapenos is something that is non-traditional and highly unfavourable.
Going back to the basics of science, we all know how evaporation works. Naturally, jalapeno plants require more moisture and additional water care in scorching seasons like mid spring and the onset of summer. It shouldn’t be hard to remember as human bodies work that way too!
During summer, the soil should be constantly moist, but not soggy, and the plants should be misted regularly using a water spray to ensure that they remain cool and hydrated throughout.
In order for the water and soil requirements of jalapeno plants to coincide, it is required that the chosen soil has excellent drainage properties, with an ability to retain enough moisture.
A soil of such dual nature is surely hard to find, but you can add perlite or peat moss to facilitate the draining properties of your potting mixture.
Also Read: Why Are My Pepper Plant Leaves Wrinkled?
How to know when to stop? Underwatering and overwatering plants are equally disturbing crimes that should be avoided at all costs.
To ensure that enough water has reached your jalapeno plant, you can measure the water level till 6 inches depth under the ground. Anything deeper or too shallow than 6 inches is a problem for jalapeno plants.
To check the moisture level below the ground, you can either insert your finger near the base of the plant, or replace your finger with a pencil and measure the depth accordingly.
To ensure the reliability of your measurements, take the test 3 times and calculate an average. It should be around 6 inches roughly. A moisture meter, if you find it affordable as per your needs, is considered to be the most scientifically tested option for getting measurements of your plant’s water content and composition.
Dry weather, as we mentioned earlier, calls out for a more regular supply of water than humid weather conditions.
- To keep yourself on track, you can begin by establishing a water schedule that allows you to hydrate the plant twice a week.
- Make sure to not stick by this schedule rigidly. You can make changes as and when the temperature runs high or significantly low, which is rarely the case.
However, during monsoon or highly humid weather conditions, it is not suggested to continue with the twice a week watering plan, as it can lead to many problems amongst plant death and root rot.
Instead, you should take precautions to water only when you think is the right time to do so, or when the soil has run arid. Establishing a humidifier or a dehumidifier to compliment your watering needs is also encouraged by botanists.
While going down with a regular watering schedule is not always appreciated, one should not try to go down the confusing lane where the watering patterns are unpredictable. This leads to an uneven water condition in Jalapeno plans, known as blossom end rot.
Blossom end rot is a troubled condition for the plant that leads to permanent rupture of the beautiful flower or fruit. If you witness your plant fruits affected by the condition, it is advised to throw them out without any second opinion, as they can spread the infection to other plants.
How to identify blossom end rot?
This condition leads to the formation of a unique pattern on the leaves, so is easily recognizable. It is usually present as the appearance of sunken black spots at the leaf or plant edges.
Consequently, let us have a look at the best and the most suitable time to water and hydrate your jalapeno pepper plants for getting maximum results.
- Researchers explain that watering them after fertilization bores great results. The bad news is, many people are not aware of the fact.
- Watering plants after you dry fertilize them acts to activate the working of the fertilizer, thereby allowing it to perform its function with maximum potential.
If you feel that despite the amount of water you pour in, it is not being retained by the plant, give mulching a chance. It enables the soil around the jalapeno plants to retain greater moisture content, thus saving us both water and time.
Quick Pepper Plant Care Tips
While watering your plants in the right way is definitely a preliminary to good plant growth, here are some other tips that you can follow to keep your pepper plants happy and healthy forever.
The best time to start growing your peppers is after the soil bed has set in after the spring frost.
In-ground gardens, containers, and raised beds are the preferred and most effective ways of growing pepper plants, as opposed to indoor gardening.
Pepper plants are a big fan of direct and bright sunlight. Therefore, it is advised to plant pepper plants at a spot that receives sunlight at least 6 to 8 hours a day, and promotes a healthy drainage system.
It is always suggested to combine a certain part of organic matter with your potting mixture before making the soil bed, or before planting the pepper plant.
Pepper plants expect you to water them immediately after they have been planted in the soil bed for the first time. Do not keep them waiting for long, or it will damage the leaves.
If you are having trouble in maintaining the temperature of your soil, or want to keep it moist without having the trouble of watering them constantly, try spreading mulch around the base of the plant. It is effective for both these problems.
As soon as you witness the growth of fruits on your pepper plants, support it with stakes (which are usually available with those who grow tomato plants). Staking helps your delicate pepper plant not to fall over and bear the weight of the newly grown fruit.
If you are wanting to harvest the plant, use of knives and shears is recommended in the long run. Additionally, picking up pepper fruits before the frost will help you save your plant from the wrath of cold temperatures.
Peppers are available in different varieties in the commercial market. Nonetheless, they share commonalities in the way they want to be grown. An environment that is warm and long is what most pepper plants yearn for.
When we grow peppers ourselves, a feeling of happiness, confidence and unique strength fills us as we add it to our main meals. We understand how important it is for you to experience this, and that is why we have brought this easy guide to assist you throughout the watering and general care tips of pepper plants.
If followed with maximum precision, the aforementioned tips are sure to bring about a positive change to your pepper and jalapeno plants.
Try them and let us know what worked for you!