After all the hard work you put to grow veggies in container or raised bed, it is joy and pride to see them producing yield.
But, as the climate changes your vegetable garden slowly comes to an end.
Should you wait for next growing season to grow vegetables? Or can you grow vegetables all year round?
Answer is Yes, you can grow your veggies all year but you must ensure to provide favourable temperature them to grow and produce yield successfully.
A greenhouse is the best way to grow veggies throughout the year, but it may cost you extra bucks.
Light, soil, water and fertilizers are essential needs of vegetable plants.
When the climate in your region isn’t favourable to give enough light to plants, then you must arrange grow lights to provide adequate light to veggies.
What Vegetables Can Be Grown All Year Round?
There are few vegetable plants that can be grown as perennials. Instead of planting them every year, you can actually reap the benefits after planting once.
USDA hardiness zones 9-11 have little chances of frost. So, if you choose to grow plants that are hardy towards any climate you can get the yield all year.
If your region is prone to cold winds and frost, you can grow below listed veggies indoors.
It’s beneficial to understand which veggies are simplest to produce from seedlings if you’re a novice. Plants grown from seeds are also less costly, provide more diversity, and have a better survival rate.
Vegetables that grow all year round are included in the list here. Some of them can also be transplanted.
13 Easy Vegetables to Grow All Year Round
Lettuce is a nutritious leafy crop that is mostly produced for its delicious green leaves with a sweet taste. It is minimal in calories, sugar, plus fat. Lettuce is grown for more than simply its greens; it’s also grown because of its stems as well as seeds.
Lettuce may be planted straight in the ground or grown inside for transplantation. It’s among the few plants which can be cultivated all year round in the environment, although it needs to be covered and collected at lesser proportions during summertime.
Its growth reduces in the shadow, and it also takes more time to bloom, or just go to seed, meaning it may be harvested for a prolonged time.
You won’t get weary of producing different lettuce kinds because of the limitless variety of leaf colors and shapes of reds and greens.
Leaf lettuces may be trimmed as they mature, allowing you to get many harvests from a single plant by simply cutting off whatever you need. Trim romaine and head lettuce leaves if you would like them to grow into full bunches.
Plants should be spaced 8 to 10 inches apart. Choose a fertilizer that has equal amounts of nitrogen potassium, plus phosphate. Preserve the lovely tiny leaves from thinning small plants for salads.
Also Read: Tomato Seeds Sprouting Inside Tomato
Beans are an excellent choice for new planters since they are simple to cultivate, manage, and store. These are high in nutrients, which is just another incentive to include this useful plant in your yard.
Beans are categorized into two kinds: bush and pole. Pole beans have longer vines that require the assistance of a pole or vine to thrive. Pole beans yield for a prolonged period until the first frost. Bush beans generate a larger harvest more quickly and at the same time.
Plant multiple bush bean sequence plantings 2 weeks spaced for continual production throughout the summertime. In heated soil, the plant grows fast, and a short soaking in water about 4-6 hours preceding planting might help.
Sow in late April, only after the risk of cold has passed, and the soil has warmed up. Plant 1 inch down and 3-4 inches space for the majority of types. In most cases, thinning isn’t essential.
Beans are referred to as “light growers.” They don’t need a lot of fertilizer. Add a modest amount of fertilizer into the topmost 2 to 3 inches of ground on sowing day or beforehand to supply them with almost all the nutrition they’ll require.
Cucumbers are said to have emerged in India and therefore have long been a staple of our diet. This summertime necessity is simple to cultivate in your home or balcony yard. Cucumbers thrive well when planted directly in the ground. Cucumber plants require light and warmth to thrive.
As a result, keeping the pot/container in direct sun is a perfect idea. Plant the seeds at least 1 inch down & 4 inches wide in the ground. Seeds need to be watered on a routine basis to sprout. You may either place seedlings in a moist paper towel over 24 hours or submerge seeds in water for 24 h to accelerate the seed germination.
Carrots produced in the garden have a lot of taste and texture. They’re a prominent, long-lasting root crop that grows well in a variety of environments. Carrot seedlings are tiny, making it tough to space them out separately.
Carrot seedlings may be easily planted with the help of handmade seed mats. Carrots are a cool-season vegetable that, once planted, can withstand cold. Sow seeds directly 3 weeks before the final winter is predicted. Seeds should be planted 1/2 inch down and 1/3 inch away.
Maintain an equal moisture level in the soil. Thin seedlings to 1 plant per inch for young carrots and 1 plant every three inches for bigger carrots after they reach a height of two inches. Carrot tips can be fertilized when they attain 3 inches in height. When used in proportion, a granular fertilizer will probably suffice.
The delicious flavor of beautiful yard peas is unlike anything you’ll get in a supermarket; they’re like nature’s sweets straight off the plant! Plant peas as early as the soil can get worked—even if it snows later.
Plant peas as shortly as the ground could be handled, preferably two weeks before your area’s typical final spring frost.
To ensure a steady production of peas throughout the summertime, sow variety with diverse maturation schedules at the same time. Afterward, approximately two weeks later, plant more seedlings. Proceed to plant in this way until mid-June.
Radishes are a resilient, low-maintenance root plant that may be sown several times during the planting season. Radishes can also be harvested as early as 3 weeks after they’ve been planted!
Radish seeds should be planted immediately in the soil to avoid disturbing their roots. Plant seeds 12 to 1 inch deeply and 1-inch spacing in rows 12 inches spaced outside.
Once the radishes become a week young, thin them to approximately 2 inches off from each other. Overcrowded plants do not thrive. The answer is uniform and steady moisture. Keep the soil consistently moist but again not waterlogged.
Drip irrigation would be a wonderful method to do this. In the warm season, a small covering of compost all around radishes might assist preserve water
Beets are easy to cultivate, and one doesn’t need to spend much to enjoy their delicious roots. Their green ends may also be eaten, making them a two-in-one plant!
Healthy greens plus roots are both produced by this dual-purpose plant. Beets like cooler temperatures. As shortly as the soil can be handled, immediately plant seeds. During the winter months, sow per 3 weeks ensuring a continual yield.
Relatively warm earth encourages seed germination, and a short rest in the water for 4-6 hours prior to sowing can help. Sow seedlings 1/4 inch down and 1 inch separated for most species.
Beet seedlings are seed capsules with many seeds within. Trim the beets only to one plant per 3-6 inches after they reach a height of around 5 inches. The thinning could be eaten.
Kale, whether you want it or not, is indeed a highly easy to grow plant that can thrive in a broad variety of climates thus it is among these all-year-round vegetables. It may be harvested during varying phases, and the budding and blossoms are also delicious!
Mustards, as well as collards, are both close relatives of kale, and both are quite simple to rise. Kale may be planted at any season of the year, from spring to midsummer, and will thrive until the weather becomes too scorching. And in fall, sow again.
Another advantage of kale is that it simply becomes tastier after several touches of frost.
Plant seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch down into the well-drained, light ground if you’re sowing seeds. Trim the plants after approximately Two weeks spacing them 8 to 12 inches away.
Kale enjoys having lots of room to spread out. If you’re planting small plants (transplants), make sure they’re planted at the same level as they’ve been blooming in the pot. 18 to 24 inches off is a good rule of thumb.
Following planting, give the seedlings plenty of water. Baked, stir-fried, and steamed kale are all good options. Serve in the salad, smoothies, scrambled eggs, casseroles, or anywhere else spinach is used.
Spinach is a classic lush green plant high in iron, calcium, including vitamins A, B, as well as C. This is the basis of how it’s so prominent all around the world. Spinach grows best in cold conditions, and even new plants can withstand frost.
In the wintertime, plant per 2 weeks ensuring a continual yield.
For a fall crop, plant once more in the middle to late summertime. Hot soil is not beneficial to seed germination. Seeds that have been pre-sprouted have a higher germination percentage.
As early as the soil could be handled, directly plant seeds. Sow seeds 1/2 inch down and 1 inch separated for most species. Thin to a gap of 2-6 inches.
#10 Summer squash (zucchini)
Squash is a satisfying and simple-to-grow crop that gives dimension to dishes and substitutes high-carb, low-nutrient items, ranging from delicate, fast, and easy to grow zucchini to flavourful and thick butternut.
Winter squash, as well as summer squash, constitute the 2 most frequent varieties. Their harvesting season is different. When the peel is still delicate, summer squash is collected early.
Winter squash requires a lot of time to ripen and is only harvested once it has reached full maturity.
When the temperature has increased, approximately one week following the final frost period, plant seeds directly in the ground.
Summer squash or zucchini prefer well-drained ground and ample room; grow them 3 to 6 feet away in hot ground and an abundance of sunlight.
You’ll have several zucchinis that you’ll be dropping on your neighbors’ doorsteps before you know it. To prevent powdery mildew, irrigate at the ground level rather than the leaves.
Also Read: Growing Zucchini from Scraps
#11 Swiss Chard
It appears just as beautiful in pots and hedges as it does in the small garden, thanks to its beautiful stems and leaves. The leaves offer lots of vitamins as well as provide a vibrant complement to stir-fries or stews, and the younger, delicate greens are excellent in salads.
Swiss chard is among the few vegetables that can thrive in both cold and hot climates.
Plant seeds directly 2 weeks before the latest frost period. Hot soil encourages seed germination, and a short rest in the water for 4-6 hours prior to sowing can help. Seeds should be planted 1/2 inch down and 2 inches away.
Swiss chard seed clusters like beet seed pods hold a lot of seeds. Thin to 1 seedling every 6-12 inches after the vegetables are approximately 4-inches tall.
Also Read: Growing Swiss Chars in Container
Turnips are a cool-season crop that may be cultivated in the fall or spring to escape the heat of the summertime.
They grow quickly, and you may eat the leaves as well as the roots. This traditional root crop has been cultivated for over three millennia! Turnips may be grown for both the leaves as well as the roots.
In the wintertime, plant for 2 weeks for a continual yield. As early as the soil can be handled, direct plant seeds. Place 1/4-inch down and 1-2 inches away for most species.
Thin smaller turnip variants to 2-4 inches between and bigger types to 4-6 inches away after saplings are 4-inches tall. Greens don’t need to be thinned.
Also Read: How to Grow Turnip from Scraps?
Scallions deliver onion taste without the anticipation in the yard or the scraping in the house. scallions (also known as bunching onions) are cold-resistant, and several kinds will germinate and prosper the rest of the season.
As early as the soil can be handled, direct plant seeds. Seeds should be planted 1/4 inch down and 1/2 inch away. For tiny bulbs with better harvests thin to 2-inch separation, or 1-inch distance for scallions.
The leaves could grow up to 3 feet high, although they’re usually picked when they’re about a foot in height. The stalks and bulbs are both valued for their brilliant yet subtle onion flavor and are generally consumed raw.
Scallions thrive quickly and are suitable for harvesting 60 to 80 days following planting. For a summertime harvest, they should be sown in the springtime. Scallions could be collected once a year without replanting in regions wherever they thrive as perennials.
You will profit from a certain strategy every year, even if you are a novice to raising your fresh produce or have been producing a vegetable patch for ages. The vegetables listed here are among the simplest to produce.
As a result, you should be fascinated enough to begin growing veggies. Gardening has several advantages for the gardener. Growing your produce is considerably better since you know exactly what may have gone into it and whatever you are consuming.