Eggplants are easy to grow and love warmer climates. With its dramatic foliage and colorful fruits, this plant is a must in your veggie garden.
It is a self-pollinator, means its flowers are complete with male and female structures. Natural pollinators like bees, help in pollination. Else, you must hand pollinate the female flower to bear fruit.
So, how long does it take for eggplant to grow after pollinating its flower?
It completely depends on the variety of cultivar you’re growing in your garden. However, usually it takes 50 to 80 days to bear fruit after transplanting.
When male pollen comes in contact with the female ovary naturally or by hand pollination, the fruit starts to grow. It can take 100 to 140 days to harvest the fruit starting from sowing the seed.
After seedlings grow to mature state, purple colored flowering starts to bloom. These flowers contain both male and female structures. After pollination, the swollen part of the flower will turn into fruit.
Normally, pollination among eggplants is done through wind. However, weather conditions don’t support, you must hand pollinate. Else, the blossoms will drop and your dream of having delicious home grown brinjal can’t be fulfilled.
Also Read: Eggplant Leaves Turning Yellow & Curling
Why Eggplant flowers Drying Out and Falling?
It’s a great feeling to watch blooming purple flowers of eggplants, but when they dry and fall. It is one of the worse and heart breaking phase.
- As mentioned above, eggplants are self-pollinating plants. But, when pollination doesn’t occur, the flowers dry and drop off.
- Underwatering and overwatering also causes in dropping of flowers.
- Eggplants needs right amount of natural fertilizers to bloom flowers and to bear fruits. Not fertilizing will results in zero fruits.
- High temperatures and too colder climates will damage plant growth.
Protect your plant from hot waves using a shade cloth and cover the base of the plant with mulch.
Mulching will help to keep the soil moist and also protect from hotter climates.
You must start growing eggplants after last frost. Or you can also start sowing seeds indoors and transplant the seedlings to backyard garden after the last frost.
This way you’ll have plenty of time to grow successful eggplants.
How to Grow Eggplants? (Faster Growth)
If you want to reduce the time taken to bear fruit after flowering, then you must opt for the perfect eggplant cultivar that grows faster.
Apart from choosing the best cultivar, you must provide preferred environment and climatic condition for faster growth.
When to Plant?
If you’re growing eggplants through seeds, then start sowing seeds in coco peat tray indoors before 7 to 8 weeks of last frost.
Once the seedlings appear after 10 days, transfer them to backyard fertile soil.
Where to Plant?
Choose the location with full sun exposure and well drained soil. A container filled with perfect potting soil can be excellent to grow eggplants.
As it belongs to nightshade family, make sure no other plants related to nightshade family is grown in that location in recent times. This is to stop the spread of diseases.
As mentioned above, eggplants thrive in well drained water.
If you’re growing eggplant in a pot, then mix equal amount of garden soil, peat moss and dry manure to the container.
This plant does well when exposed to full sun. Choose the location where the plant gets 6 hours of direct sunlight.
Lack of watering results in drooping of leaves and flowers starts to fall.
Likewise, excess water can lead to root rot and diseases.
Water generously; use dry straw as mulch to protect the plant from hot summer.
Temperature ranging from 70-90 F is preferred to grow eggplants. But, anything higher or lower will badly affect pollination and the flowers drop-off without forming fruits.
While transplanting seedlings to backyard, expert recommends adding 5-10-10 liquid fertilizer to the soil.
Use natural fertilizer after few weeks to boost plant growth.
Removing suckers will help to improve eggplant growth.
Pruning isn’t necessary for eggplants where grown as annual plant. But, in areas where the plant is grown perennial, pruning will boost eggplant production.
Pests and Diseases
Use natural pesticides to get rid of pests and diseases. Garlic mixed water and neem oil can effectively remove pests.
Depending on the cultivar, it takes 50-80 days to grow eggplant after transplanting the plant. Providing essential nutrients and necessary care will boost the plant growth and improve the yield.